What are the dangers of excessive cycling?

Ride at sunset

During cycling, we always want to ride further, pursue self-breakthrough and enjoy more scenery. However, the human body is limited. Long-term riding can cause backache, mental fatigue and even irreversible damage to the body.

Cervical spine injury

During riding, the body is often tilted excessively. Due to the structural design of the bike, you need to raise your head and neck in order to look ahead. This forced posture will cause neck muscle tension for a long time. When the cervical spine joints and muscles feel tense, it is prone to fatigue and may resulted in inflammation in the cervical spine or neck muscles.

Waist injury

Illustration of waist injury

If the bike seat is adjusted too high, the hips will twist excessively left and right while riding. After a long time, it will cause fatigue and damage to the lumbar muscles. If you get used to this posture and develop the habits of leaning over, you may even get a hunchback.

Tailbone and hip injuries

Tailbone and hip injuries

When you sitting, the fulcrum of force is the ischial tuberosity on both sides of the buttocks and the tailbone is basically suspended in the air and doesn’t bear weight.

Under normal circumstances, when riding a bike, the buttocks use the ischial tuberosity to exert force. However, when the road is bumped, the buttocks will inevitably slide forward, causing the ischial tuberosity to fall on both sides. Once the ischial tuberosity bears unreasonable force for a long time, friction, squeezing and weight-bearing may lead to the occurrence of traumatic bursitis and this bursitis mostly occurs on one side of the ischium, which may be related to the imbalance of posture when riding a bike.

Anterior knee injury

Many cycling enthusiasts have misunderstand about the source of cycling power. They often believe that cycling power depends entirely on the thighs (front side). Some people use “thighs (front side)” as a synonym for masters. What’s more, in order to gain power improvements to choose strengthen your quadriceps with some single-joint knee extension exercises. It’s true that the quadriceps are the main muscle group that is important in cycling. However, in terms of movement, cycling pedaling is a pushing and stretching movement of three joints of the lower limbs and the two important sources of power which are the knee joint and the hip joint. The knee extension force mainly generated by the contraction of the quadriceps muscles. As well as the hip extension force mainly generated by gluteus maximus contraction, excessive quadriceps tension will also aggravate the “squeezing force” produced by the patella on the knee joint, which are leading to increased cartilage friction.

Hand injury

Long-term cycling may cause ulnar neuropathy. The main reason is that the upper limbs are stressed for a long time and the amount of exercise is minimal during riding, resulting in reduced blood circulation in the upper limbs. In addition, when grasping the lower handlebars, the ulnar nerve is overextended. The resulting symptoms include numbness, weakness in the hand or pain in the little finger.

Hand injury

While enjoying the fun of riding, it is necessary to maintain a healthy way of riding, with appropriate rest and adjustment, in order to ride farther and longer.

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